Diabetes Puts Your Vision At Risk

If you have been diagnosed with Diabetes or Pre-Diabetes, your vision may be at risk.  That’s the bad news.

The good news is that our comprehensive eye examination with Optomap panoramic retinal imaging or pupil dilation can be critical to determining if diabetes is affecting your vision.

Diabetes is considered to be of epidemic proportion in the U.S.  Even before doing the necessary glucose level laboratory tests, diabetes can be detected by an eye examination.

  1. The appearance of blood leaking in the eye, called hemorrhages or microaneurysms heralds the suspicion for diabetes. This is called diabetic retinopathy
  2. An early type of human lens opacity, called a posterior subcapsular cataract, often is indicative of the metabolic changes seen in diabetes.
  3. Variable changes in glasses prescription on a day-to-day basis may mean that the diabetes is present.
  4. Glaucoma, a condition in which the eye pressure is too high causing a loss of central and peripheral vision.
  5. Macular edema—swelling of the central portion of the retina, leading to decreased vision

Common symptoms of diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association:

  • Polyuria—Frequent urination
  • Polydipsia–Feeling very thirsty
  • Polyphagia–Feeling very hungry very often
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision that varies
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Losing weight–even though you eating a lot (type 1)
  • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the limbs called parasthesias (type 2)

We send a report to your primary care provider and diabetologist every time that you are in for an examination.  It is important that we work together as a team to preserve your vision.

DiabetesSeven Things to Do to Minimize Your Risk of Vision Loss with Diabetes

  1. Watch your diet to daily control your glucose intake.
  2. Know you glucose A1C number and keep it in the target range.
  3. Minimize the highs and lows in you A1C, even if in the target range.
  4. A healthy diet is your best friend. Avoid all those white foods.  The nutritional supplement DVS (Diabetes Vision Support) has the best formulation to support retinal health and stabilize the blood vessels from leaking and supply “internal sunglasses” to protect the macular pigment.
  5. Aerobic exercise will help lower your A1C and keep your blood vessels open.  We may limit certain exercises if you have retinopathy
  6.  Limit your ultraviolet and blue light exposure by wearing proper sunglasses and dress glasses that filter out the harmful wavelengths.
  7. Make sure you are seen at least annually to have your retina checked for signs of ocular complications of diabetes.  We are often the first health care providers to detect diabetes out of the blue.

Your health insurance company has set standards of annual diabetic examinations as a measure of the quality of health care.


Contact Brill Eye Center today to assess your eye health because of your diabetes.